18 Dec 2021
What is youth unrest??
Youth unrest may be defined as the manifestation of collective frustration of the youth in the society. It is manifested when the existing norms in the society are perceived by the youth as ineffective or harmful and they feel discontent. Unrest means ‘disturbed conditions'.
The youth unrest in India is on the increase. Day by day it is assuming dangerous proportions. It is a very serious problem and concerns all of the Indians. The youth of today are the responsible citizens and leaders of tomorrow. They are the very future of the country. They often go on strikes, indulge in violence, and start agitation on one pretext or another. They are often undisciplined and observe no rules. Consequently, they do not study seriously. They disrespect their teachers and parents and indulge in all sorts of undesirable activities.
Copying in the examinations, traveling without tickets in trains and buses, eve-teasing, stealing of books and magazines from the libraries, writing obscene things on the walls of lavatories, boycotting -of classes and tests, drug-addiction, lack of punctuality are some of the major symptoms of this fell disease. This unrest is not confined to any particular area, university, or state. It is common and widespread. The students do not hesitate even in clashing with the police and damaging public property.
Spirit of adventure is totally a different thing and vandalism and revolt are altogether different. In the name of adventure and modernism, lawlessness should not be allowed. But students alone are not to blame for this deep-rooted malaise. We all are directly or indirectly responsible for the present sorry state of affairs. We will have to go deep into the causes, and then attempt in earnest to remove them. We must analyze dispassionately the reasons for unrest, indiscipline, suffocation, and frustration among the student community in India before we can eradicate them.
Types of youth unrest ::-
1. Persuasive agitations:-
In this, the youth attempt to change the attitude of the powers that be, by discussing their problems with them across a table and making them accept their viewpoint.
The main object in these types of agitation is to keep the power-holders in their place. Many changes intended to be introduced by the authorities appear to be disturbing to students/youth who feel that either their precious years are being wasted or that legitimate opportunities are being denied to them or their careers are going to be adversely affected.
These agitations aim at bringing sudden sweeping changes in the educational or the social systems.
For example, forcing the authorities to decide that no student will be declared as failed but will be promoted to higher class and given the opportunity to appear in the failed paper/subject till s/he clears it. Revolutionary leaders see basic change as possible only after the existing system is overthrown and a new system is introduced in one go.
Causes of youth unrest:-
The major factors behind youth unrest are improper socialization and family problems, political, social and economic inequalities, defective educational system, unemployment, corrupt and discredited authority, misuse of student power by the politicians, administrative failures, communication gap, value differences.
Process of Growth of Agitation :-
There are some stages of youth unrest which finally turn Into youth agitations. These stages are:
THE DISCONTENT STAGE :
The discontent stage is the stage of Dissatisfaction and growing confusion with the existing Conditions.
THE INITIATION STAGE:
In the initiation stage a leader Emerges who makes others conscious of the causes of Discontent. In this stage excitement increases and proposals For actions are debated.
THE FORMALISATION STAGE:
In this stage the programs are developed, alliances are forged, and Support is also sought from the people concerned.
THE PUBLIC SUPPORT STAGE:
In this stage the problems Of the youth is recognized as a public problem. This not only Creates awareness among the public but also seeks public Support on the concerned issues.
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