Rumors of 5g Network in India and its Impact

19 Jul 2021

Curtain Hug

The successor of 4G is 5G, the fifth generation technology for the broadband cellular
network, deployed worldwide in 2019. Similar to its predecessor, the service area
divides into small geographical areas called cells. The local antenna in the cells
connects 5G devices to the internet and telephone network by radio waves. The
advantages of this network are mainly greater bandwidth, higher download speed, and
the ability to connect to new networks which aren't available by 4G network. Due to its
increased bandwidth, laptops and desktop computers could use this network as the
general internet service provider (ISP).
Difference between 4G and 5G
So what are the differences between the 4G and 5G networks? Firstly speed is said to
increase up to 10 Gigabytes per sec, 100 times faster than 4G. It means that
downloading high-definition movies will take seconds instead of hours. The spectrum
determines the network capacity, which increases with the use of this network. A 100
Mhz spectrum may increases to 1000 Mhz just through 5G. Furthermore, the latency
rate will reduce, creating better connectivity and more prominent optimization of network
traffic. 4G networks have a latency rate of 40-50 milliseconds, whereas 5G networks
have a latency rate of one millisecond. Lastly, it will increase the number of new
applications launched, as mentioned above, like autonomous vehicles, virtual reality,
etc.
5G rumors and Covid
As the Covid -19 Pandemic struck, rumors of 5G networks relating to the Coronavirus
are circulating. It has come in notice of the Department of Telecommunication(DOC)
and the Ministry of Communications about misleading messages broadcasting on social
media, relating the 2nd wave of coronavirus to 5G technology. As per the government,
there is no connection between the pandemic and the 5G network, having no scientific
basis. The emission of non-ionizing radiofrequency from mobile towers has minuscule
power and incapable of harming living cells, including human beings. The DoT has also
employed rules to exposure limit
for Radio Frequency field, stricter than the International Commission on Non-Ionising
Radiation Protection. Moreover, testing for 5G networks hasn't started in India, making
the false information baseless.
The Department of Telecommunications has taken some initiatives to quench the fears
of the general populace. Nation-wide Awareness Programme, detailed information is
published on the EMF issues on the DoT website, distributing pamphlets/ information
brochures on EMF topics, etc. Lastly, they have launched the Tarang Sanchar Portal or
TSP, which adhere to severe measures. If any citizen has awareness about mobile
towers emitting radiation above the safe limit appointed by the department, one can
request EMF testing on the portal.
Future of 5G in India

It's a fact that 5G is going to have a significant impact in the future. Due to the
pandemic, we have already accepted tele-learning, virtual reality, etc., but it's still in its
embryonic stage and will develop more with the actuality of 5G. It will benefit agriculture,
manufacturing, transportation, telecommunications, etc. In agriculture, the adoption of
5G tech might help in better management of crops and livestock. It will influence the
economy of India, an anticipated $450 billion contribution to the Indian Economy by 5G
technology (0.6% of GDP), throughout 2023-2040.