ROBOTS (AI) A THREAT OR BOON TO HUMANITY

14 Jul 2021

Curtain Hug

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is believed to be in its first stage of development and applied in many
areas even in our daily connections with technology like Google search engine, McCarthy, etc.
Today man is making intelligent machines that can accomplish aims as humans do. It is all about
“learn from data without the need to be explicitly programmed” and become very beneficial for
children with disabilities to access play, getting better at doing text-to-voice translation as well as
voice–to–text translation, therefore helping to use information and communication technologies
to maintain behavioral sustainability. Usually, Robots can perform a laborious task without any
major human interference to get better results with a higher level of perception. Therefore it
became tremendously popular within a short span. But excessive good is not even good always.
Several instances occur where AI made mistakes, therefore raising concerns for children along
with their parents. Self-driving car accidents, increasing mistrust for robots in healthcare remind
us of the story of Frankenstein, where it destroys its creator itself. As creation’s responsibility
depends mainly on the creator, therefore, it’s still a controversial issue whether robots are curse
or boom. 
In 1939, the first physical robot, ELEKTRO, was displayed at the World’s fair. He could walk,
smoke cigarettes, and blow up balloons with human commands. Following this physical bot
creation, Isaac Asimov created the famous three laws of robotics in the early 1940s which dictate
the ways a robot must act concerning humans. According to the first law, a robot may not injure
a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. Secondly, a robot
must obey orders given by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First
Law, and finally, a robot must protect its existence as long as such protection does not conflict
with the First or Second Law. In the history of automation, the first autonomous robots were
created by William Grey Walter with the concepts of robot invention and understanding by most
in 1948. Later, in 1950, Alan Turing invented a way to measure the ‘intelligence’ of a machine,
which tested the machine’s ability to ‘think’ and is known as The Turing Test which is still used
today. Later in the world of robotics, the study started to gain successful recognition within the
academic community resulting in many continuing the development of robotics, and officially
started research into the development of artificial intelligence. Like this, the journey of AI moved
forward spontaneously day by day, and currently, it has become a necessity rather than a luxury.
Leading to enormous resource-saving, its widespread use is also optimizing time and work
accordingly. Everywhere AI experiencing us its daily wonder through performing some
intellectual tasks like decision making, problem-solving, perception, understanding human
language, and translating during communication. More beneficial effects of AI include reduction
in human error, an increased risk taken, 24X7 availability, and digital assistance with helping in
repetitive jobs, faster decision making with daily applications, and new inventions.
Despite the technological revolution, scientists believe that this substantial progress in artificial
intelligence could someday result in human extinction with some other unrecoverable global
misfortune. The human brain has some distinctive proficiency that other animals lack responsible
for its dominance on earth. If AI exceeds humanity in general intelligence and becomes super-
intelligent then it could become difficult or impossible for humans to control. It usually follows
the instrumental convergence principle where it usually resists attempts to shut it off or change
its goals. Moreover, AI-programmed autonomous weapons could easily cause mass casualties
resulting in AI war if it is going to be used by the wrong hands. Furthermore, “intelligence
explosion” is another source of concern because sometimes AI systems progress extremely

rapidly from narrow human-level capacity to narrow superhuman level capacity. If the first
generation of a computer program could be able to re-write its algorithms and double its
proficiencies in six months then the second generation program will take only three months for a
similar portion of work. Thus the time of each generation continues to shrink and the system will
undergo an unparallel large change in a very short time. 
Today regulation of the AI arms race is an emerging issue throughout the world which is to be
implemented by developments in leading countries' domestic policy towards militarized AI. It
likely requires the institutionalization of new international norms embodied in effective technical
specifications combined with active monitoring and informal diplomacy by communities of
experts, together with a legal and political verification process. Moreover encouraging research
in prioritizing risk-reducing strategies in AI development, conducting international mass
surveillance programs to perform AGI arms control, integrating them with existing human
society, considering their legal standards and moral rights could imply a further betterment of the
AI race in this modern era.