Loss of biodiversity in India
13 Jun 2021
Biodiversity is the enormous variety of life on earth. Our nation is widely known for the extensive diversification of species it possesses. Some of the valuable species lost in the past years are the dodo bird, the passenger pigeon, Dillnoffia, etc.
The loss of diversity is a natural process until it exceeds the rate of evolution. Initially, humans were merely a component of biodiversity, but now they plan to rule the diversification and make amendments according to their needs and wants. The interaction of human beings with natural resources has left the globe with destructive impacts on loss of the natural beauty. Now, the pace of destruction of the species is far more than the evolution of new ones.
Humans have led to disastrous threats to the ecological system. Climatic change is one of the critical threats to biodiversity. It is the significant force behind several mutations, loss of genes, and genetic variations. The growing air pollution has introduced people to ‘Global warming’, i.e., the rise in the earth’s atmospheric temperature. This phenomenon primarily leads to the melting of glaciers. The melting of these massive glaciers has flooded the places of various species. This destroys the flora directly from the roots and drowns different fauna species.
Climatic changes result in frequent harsh climatic conditions. Often, we have heard about forest fires due to extreme heat conditions. These fires have devastated the location of various fauna and flora and results in their extinction. Uttrakhand and Jharkhand have witnessed the maximum numbers of forest fires in India. It resulted in the death of a large number of animals and the extinction of various species.
The rise in sea level often leads to the drowning of low-lying areas or islands. It further leads to the extinction of species residing over there. Climatic changes also invite various natural calamities like flood, volcanic eruption, landslides, avalanches, etc.