First aid for heat strokes

4 Jun 2021

Curtain Hug

By: Pakhi Garg

The most severe kind of heat injury, i.e. heatstroke, is a phenomenon caused by the excessive exposure of the body to the temperature of 40 degrees Celsius (104F) or more. It occurs with the body gets overheated and is unable to cope with the rising temperature. It could lead to shock, organ failure and even can take one’s life. Usually, the excess growing body temperature is cooled by the process of sweating. But on hot days, this process slows down, and the body constantly gets heated. This cause heat strokes.

Some common symptoms of heat strokes are as follows
Fever of 104F.
Fainting
Lack of sweating
Flushed and red skin
Unconsciousness
Nausea and vomiting
Headache
The first aids for the heat strokes are:
The patient should be immediately moved out of the heat.
Excess clothing should be removed and cool by whatever means available, like
Place in a tub of cool water or a cool shower.
Spray with a garden hose.
Sponge with cool water.
Fan while misting with cool water.
Place ice packs or cool, wet towels on the neck, armpits and groin.
Cover with cool, damp sheets.
Make him drink cool water to keep hydrated.
Don't give sugary, caffeinated or alcoholic beverages to a person with heatstroke. Also, avoid icy drinks, as these can cause stomach cramps.
Begin CPR if the person loses consciousness and shows no signs of circulation, such as breathing, coughing or movement.
If the condition seems critical, take medical treatment at the earliest.

Hot weather conditions and Exercise are the main reasons for heatstroke. One should be aware of the heat-absorbing capacity of its body and should work accordingly. During the hot, humid days spending most of the day outside homes leads to fatigue, nausea and heat injuries. If a person is displaying the symptoms of heat illness, measure its temperature. If the readings are 104 F or more, immediately seek medical care.

Various preventive measures should be taken. As we know, children are more sensitive towards these hot conditions; and special care should be taken. One should try to remain indoors and in air conditioning areas and avoid roaming in extreme heat. We should wear light colour clothes, drink a lot of water to stay hydrated, use an umbrella or sunglasses under the sun, use sunscreen for skin protection etc. One should avoid taking medicines on their own. They must concern with the doctors regarding the antibiotics taken at the time of heatstroke. Apart from them, there are various other methods to keep yourself away from these heat injuries.