First aid for Asthma Attack

23 May 2021

Curtain Hug

● Breathing movements induce severe wheezing
● Coughing doesn't stop
● Accelerated breathing
● Tightness or tension in the chest
● Retractions which is constriction of chest and neck muscles ● Trouble talking
● Feeling anxiety or panic
● Pale and sweaty face
● Fingernails or lips turn blue
● Symptoms get graver despite the use of medications.

There are some early symptoms of an asthma attack that indicate worsening asthma. These aren’t critical enough to interrupt daily life, but recognizing them might go a long way in deterring an asthma attack.

Early signs
● Coughing often, particularly at night
● Shortness of breath
● Tiredness or weakness after a workout
● Exercise induces wheezing/ coughing
● Feeling tired, easily upset, grouchy
● The peak flow meter measures variations or decrease in lung functions ● Indications of a cold or allergies
● Nighttime asthma causing incomplete sleep

Asthma Triggers

1. Allergies
Allergies are one of the triggers of an Asthma attack. Trees, grass, and weed pollens; mold; animal dander; dust mites; and cockroach droppings are a few examples of allergies that people with asthma have.

2. Food and Food Additives Trigger Asthma
Food allergies can lead to anaphylaxis, and asthma is a part of the severe, life-threatening reaction. Eggs, Cow's milk, Peanuts, Tree Nuts, Soy, Wheat, Fish, Shrimp, and other shellfish, Salads, Fresh fruit are some food connected with allergic symptoms. Food preservatives triggering asthma attacks are sulfite additives, like sodium bisulfite, potassium bisulfite, etc.

3. Exercise
A complex exercise can cause airways to narrow, therefore triggering asthma. One will feel chest tightness, cough, and have trouble breathing for the first 5 to 15 minutes. Mostly, these symptoms go away in the next 30 to 60 minutes of exercise, but 50% of people with exercise-induced asthma may have another attack 6 to 10 hours later. A slow warm-up may help counteract this. When it’s winter, avoid exercising outdoors because the cold could trigger asthma.

4. Heartburn
Severe heartburn and asthma often go hand-in-hand. When you have GERD, gastroesophageal reflux disease, this valve doesn't work as it should. The stomach acid backs up into the esophagus. If the acids contact the throat/airways, the irritation and inflammation could trigger an asthma attack.
Other common triggers are smoking, sinusitis, medications, weather, smoke.

What to DO

1) Call an ambulance and follow first aid for asthma attacks.
Make the person sit straight comfortably and loosen any snug clothing. After that, if the person uses an inhaler, help them take it. If they don’t have an inhaler, use one from the first aid kit, but do not acquire one from someone else as the medication might be different, with the danger of an infectious disease.

2) Applying an inhaler with a spacer, if a spacer is available
Firstly, remove the cap and shake the inhaler well and add it into the spacer. Make sure the person blows out all the air, then put their mouth tightly around the spacer mouthpiece. To deliver a puff, press the inhaler and let the person inhale the medication through their mouth. Hold your breath for 10 seconds. Continue giving the puffs, an entirety of four, with an interval of one minute between each of them.

3) Or else utilize an inhaler without a spacer.
Repeat the above method, without a spacer, by placing his/her mouth directly on the inhaler mouthpiece. He or she should inhale the puff slowly(5 to 7 seconds)and deeply and hold for 10 seconds.

4) Keep using the inhaler if the problem persists.
If the symptoms don’t reduce, give another set of four puffs after four minutes. If there’s still no improvement, give four to eight whiffs with an interval of 20 minutes for up to 4 hours. After 4 hours, the advised dosage is four to eight puffs as needed every 1 to 4 hours.

5) Monitor the person until help arrives.
If the person stops wheezing or looks drowsy, don’t assume asthma is improving; it could mean it’s getting worse.