SOCIAL PROBLEMS AT WORKPLACE

SOCIAL PROBLEMS AT WORKPLACE

A workplace is a location where someone works for their employer or themselves, a
place of office to a large office building or factory. For industrialized societies, the
workplace is one of the most important social spaces other than the home, consulting "a
central concept for several entities: the worker and his/her family, the employing
organization, the customers of the organization, and the society as a whole". The
development of new communication technologies has led to the development of the
virtual workplace or remote workplace, a workplace that is not located in any one
physical space.
A minority group refers to a category of people who experience relative disadvantage as
compared to members of a dominant social group. Minority group membership is
typically based on differences in observable characteristics or practices, such as
ethnicity, race, religion, sexual orientation, or disability.
The term "minority group" often occurs within the discourse of civil rights and collective
rights, as members of minority groups are prone to differential treatment in the countries
and socialists in which they live. Minority group members often face discrimination in
multiple areas of social life, including housing, employment, healthcare, and education,
among others. While discrimination may be committed by individuals, it may also occur
through structural inequalities, in which rights and opportunities are not equally
accessible to all. The language of minority rights is often used to discuss laws designed
to protect minority groups from
discrimination and afford them equal social status to the dominant group.
Workplace bullying is a persistent pattern of mistreatment from others in the workplace
that causes either physical or emotional harm. It can include such tactics as verbal,
nonverbal, psychological, and physical abuse, as well as humiliation. This type of
workplace aggression is particularly difficult because, unlike the typical school bully,
workplace bullies often operate within the established rules and policies of their
organization and their society. In the majority of cases, bullying in the workplace is
reported as having been done by someone who has authority over the victim. However
bullies can also be peers, and occasionally subordinates.
Violence against women (VAW), also called gender-based violence and sexual and
gender based violence (SGBV), are violent acts primarily or exclusively committed
against women or girls. Such violence is often considered a form of hate crime,
committed against women or girls specifically because they are female, and can take
many forms.
The UN Declaration on the Elimination of violence against women states, "violence
against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men
and women" and "violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by
which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men.

Violence against women and girls is a problems of pandemic proportions. At least one
out of every three women around the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or
otherwise abused in her lifetime with the abuser usually someone known to her.
Some of the forms of violence perpetrated by individuals are: rape, domestic violence,
sexual harassment, acid throwing, reproductive coercion, female infanticide, prenatal
sex selection, obstetric violence, online gender based violence and mob violence; as
well as harmful customary or traditional practices such as honor killings, dowry violence,
female genital mutilation, marriage by abduction and forced marriage.