Procrastination and its Consequences

Procrastination and its Consequences

Procrastination can have a negative effect on a student's school work, grades, and even their overall
health. Students who procrastinate experience higher levels of frustration, guilt, stress, and anxiety-in
some cases leading to serious issues like low self-esteem and depression.
Around 20% of adults are chronic procrastinators. Among students, procrastination can be serious
because not keeping up with the flow of students' work means that you fall behind. According to some
experts, students most often procrastinate because they don’t see the relevance of the future project to
things that are immediately relevant to them. Children often put more value on what is happening
tomorrow. Focus on the present and immediate often leads them to put off what is due in the future.
Procrastination is a Human Problem: They may put off a future project until it becomes the activity of
today. Pair that focus on the present with the notion that many students don’t like the idea of doing
school work at home and may have the recipe for procrastination in a large percentage of students.
Even college students (up to 75% of them) and graduate students (between 80 and 90% of them
procrastinate on a regular basis. Students tend to: Overestimate how much time they have left to
perform tasks. Overestimate how motivated they will be in the future. Underestimate how long activities
will take to complete. Assume that their mind will change and they will later be in the right frame of
mind to complete a project. Effects of Procrastination: The effect of procrastination on stress and
mental health increases with time. Researchers found that students who procrastinate tend to reduce
stress and feel lower stress levels at the beginning of the term, but the stresses increase rapidly with
time, lee reports of illness and stress than non-procrastinators at the beginning of the year, but much
more reported stress as the term progresses. Procrastination is a comfort, a defense mechanism at the
beginning of the term but it causes more stress as the defense rapidly fails. Studies find that level of
procrastination is correlated with poorer academic achievement, more strongly for high school students
than elementary or university students. Some students are also taught that “cramming” just before
examinations and performance-based assessments is a good practice for getting high grades. The
practice of cramming reinforces procrastination habits. Types Of Procrastinators: Implosive
Procrastinators are those procrastinators who fail to pick up cues from the environment because of the
inability to delay gratification of pleasure, lacking self control, lacking motivation for achieving targeted
goals and lacking energy or organizational abilities. Thus this type of procrastination is often related to
the problem of perceiving and estimating time. Perfectionist procrastinators keep themselves ready to
work but avoid the activity. Such procrastinators are therefore over-conscious and they tend to fear
success or failure which eventually leads to neurotic avoidance. A student to be able to confront and
control his procrastinating behavior there will be a need for counselors to help students. They are
Critically examining themselves, Instilling competence in students, Inculcating ability to be well
organized, Teaching students to start from simple to complex.
Academic procrastination might have a detrimental impact on a student’s life due to the multitude of
examinations, term papers, and projects during his or her scholarly career. A teacher can help to avoid

procrastination behavior in the students. Teachers should encourage group assignments in which the
group can be structured in such a manner that it consists of both high and low procrastinators. Timely
feedback and required clarifications can be done at regular intervals strictly deadlines with checkpoints
along the time frame can be provided to students to monitor their progress. Regular workshops and
seminars can also be conducted on a general level highlighting the positive effect of time management
and regularity and the ill effects of procrastination.