Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Cultural Heritage is an expression of the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation, including customs, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values. The concept of cultural heritage is the legacy of the physical artifacts (buildings, monuments, works of art, written texts) and the intangible attributes (folklore, traditions, language) of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. Distinctive and irreplaceable, cultural heritage is a crucial element in the fabric of the peoples of our world. The catalyst for preserving cultural heritage ranges from proactive efforts to reactive responses. Proactive efforts might include the mapping of cultural heritage sites using open-source software like Arches. The act of using deliberate and well-designed methodologies to maintain cultural heritage from the past for the benefit of the present and future generations. Cultural heritage is central to protecting our sense of who we are. It gives us an irrefutable connection to the past – to certain social values, beliefs, customs and traditions, that allows us to identify ourselves with others and deepen our sense of unity, belonging and national pride. Raise public awareness with regard to the cultural heritage both in the country and abroad; Develop training courses for law enforcement services, customs and judicial authorities, with the support of cultural institutions. Despite international treaties meant to protect them, places of significant cultural heritage are often the first to be destroyed in periods of conflict. Since World War II, dozens of ancient sites, religious temples, and monuments have been lost due to bombing, looting, and arson. The relationship between people and land is immensely important. A community's rights, identity, history, and future are all affected by this interconnectedness.

Rescue protection for cultural relics with major dangers and promote the protection and restoration of precious cultural relics. Strengthen management and law enforcement, establish a database of national cultural relic resources, and establish a lifelong accountability system for the protection of cultural relics. responded to universal problems with philanthropy throughout all of history. When wars plague nations or hurricanes wreak havoc, it is a truly human response to act in a way that we believe will improve quality of life or relieve suffering because we as humans are capable of imagining a better existence and capable of having concern for others The idea of preservation is integral to the definition of cultural heritage, as in order for cultural heritage to exist, it must have been passed on by previous generations and preserved by the current generation. However, throughout different periods and places in history, the “present generation” of the time has placed varying value on elements of their cultural heritage. American communities have started taking ownership in recognizing their cultural heritage by designating their communities as cultural districts at the local, state, and federal levels. Cultural districts uniquely reflect the character and community assets of a certain geographical place, embracing its historical significance and celebrating the cultural clusters innately existing within its boundaries. Some districts occur naturally, whereas others are strategically planned, to spur economic development for example. is important to spend the time and energy to protect cultural heritage sites, especially in moments where people are suffering due to a humanitarian crisis.

Many questions arise around who is ultimately responsible for the preservation of cultural heritage. Are national governments or nonprofits responsible? Are individuals responsible for their own heritage or is it a shared effort for many across the world? Is it our responsibility to preserve another nation’s culture? One school of thought believes that the responsibility falls on us all, and encourages the preservation and presentation of cultural heritage for the purpose of education. For example, museums can collect pieces of cultural heritage and display them for guests to learn more about that culture. Others believe that cultural heritage should be returned to its rightful origin and it is the responsibility of their people to preserve it. The concept of cultural heritage is philanthropic at its core, as its purpose is to preserve what is intrinsic for the betterment of future generations. Because of the previous generations’ choice to preserve their cultural heritage, we can build upon their learnings and make advancements to benefit all of society.

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), as an attached office under the Department of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological research and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Besides, it regulates all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. It also regulates the Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972. For the maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance the entire country is divided into 24 Circles. The organization has a large work force of trained archaeologists, conservators, epigraphist, architects and scientists for conducting archaeological research projects through its Excavation Branches, Prehistory Branch, Epigraphy Branches, Science Branch, Horticulture Branch, Building Survey Project, Temple Survey Projects and Underwater Archaeology Wing. The Archaeological Survey of India’s Science Branch is responsible mainly for the chemical conservation treatment and preservation of some three thousand five hundred ninety three Protected monuments besides chemical preservation of museums and excavated objects countrywide.

Cultural Heritage plays a very important role in our life. It is what keeps us attached to our religion, traditions and beliefs. It today’s context we refer to cultural identity which means identity of a group or culture, or of an individual as far as he or she is influenced by his belonging to a group or culture. It is necessary to improve awareness of Cultural Heritage and the ethics of its care in study curriculum and to identify tools that can be developed to help communities to better understand and conserve their heritage. Heritage education needs to be developed in schools and through informal education. The best way to preserve our cultural heritage, whatever it may be, is to share it with others. It is our responsibility to keep world history intact for the coming generation so that they may have the same opportunities to learn about the past and their own roots as we have.

Written by Dipshika Sen
Content Writer
Social Journal