LGBTQ COMMUNITY

LGBTQ COMMUNITY

The LGBT COMMUNITY is also known as the LGBTQ+ community, GLBT community,
or the gay community is a closely defined grouping of lesbian, gay, bisexual,
transgender, LGBT organizations, and subcultures, united by a common culture and
social movements. These communities generally celebrate pride, diversity, individuality,
and sexuality. LGBT activists and sociologists see LGBT community-building as a
counterweight to heterosexism, homophobia, biphobia, transphobia, and conformist
pressures that exits in the term pride or sometimes gay pride expresses the LGBT
community's identity and collective strength; pride parades provide both a prime
example of the use and a demonstration of the general meaning of the term. The LGBT
community is diverse in political affiliation. Not all people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual,
or transgender consider themselves part of the LGBT community.
Issues Facing the LGBT Community and Their Impact: Opportunities for Philanthropists
and Advisers "Around the world, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and
intersex(LGBT) people face discrimination in almost all aspects of their lives. They are
denied access to employment, education, and health care. They are targeted for attacks
solely because of their gender expression or perceived sexual orientation. Perhaps
most painful of all, and unlike most other minority groups, many face violence and
rejection from their own families and religious communities. While these issues are
extremely challenging. LGBT people are taking control of their futures and winning
major victories." Basic protection afforded to LGBT people in the United Kingdom has
improved in recent years. However, the global LGBT rights movements continue to face
challenges on an individual and a societal level. The event will provide regional
overviews of LGBT issues in the United Kingdom, continental Europe, and Africa; as
well as highlight implications for philanthropists and key opportunities for donors to
engage in this work. LGBT Issues to focus on Now That We Have Marriage Equality:
1.VIOLENCE: Lesbian, gay and transgender people, especially those of color,
experience violence at disproportionately high rates compared to straight cisgender
people. According to the FBI, bias against sexual orientation and gender identity
accounted for more than 21 percent of hate crimes reported in 2013, with sexuality the
second most common single-bias category following race. Moreover, the National
Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs found that while transgender survivors and victims
represented only 19 percent of anti-LGBT violence reported to the organization,
transgender women of color accounted for 50 percent of homicide victims. Seven
transgender women of color were murdered in the United States during January and
February alone of this year; as the Southern Poverty Law Center has pointed out, that's
nearly a murder a week. 2. EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION: A 2013 Pew Research
Center survey found that 21
percent of the LGBT adults surveyed said their employer treated them unfairly because
of their sexuality or gender identity. Another report, authored by the National Black
Justice Coalition and other groups, found that nearly 50 percent of black LGBT people
have experienced employment discrimination. Rates are significantly higher for
transgender workers—some 90 percent of trans people have reported experiencing on-
while 47 percent said they were fired, not hired, or denied a promotion because of their

gender identity, according to a national survey. While 22 states have passed laws
making job discrimination due to sexual orientation illegal—19 also include gender
identity –LGBT workers still lack federal protection. The Employment Non-
Discrimination Act, or ENDA, has been introduced in nearly every Congress since 1994,
but the hotly contested federal bill didn't make any headway until 2013 when the Senate
for the first time passed the legislation. Still, it failed to make it to the president's desk.
3.POVERTY: Research shows that anti-LGBT discrimination has harmful effects on
LGBT workers' economic wellbeing, leading to high rates of unemployment,
homelessness, poor health and food insecurity. Pew found that LGBT workers are more
likely to earn less annually compared to the general U.S. population. And the
transgender discrimination survey found that trans respondents are nearly four times
more likely to earn below $10,000 a year than the average American. A 2009 Williams
Institute report also found that same-sex couples, while single LGB adults are 1.2 times
more likely to be poor than their straight counterparts.
HEALTH CARE: Social and systematic discrimination, as well as inadequate health
care access, contribute to health disparities for the LGBT community. According to the
Fenway Institute, LGBT people are more likely than straight people to report unmet
health needs and have difficulty accessing care and obtaining insurance, which leads to
higher rates of disease, chronic illness, drug use, mental illness, and obesity among the
population. These disparities are exacerbated for the transgender community. The
Transgender Law Center found that, in the private market, the pervasiveness of gender
identity discrimination in insurance, denial of insurance coverage and transgender-
related health care exclusion keep transgender and gender non-conforming people from
accessing medical health services, surgery, and hormone therapy.