DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT ARE NOT CONTRADICTING PARADIGMS

DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT ARE NOT CONTRADICTING PARADIGMS

Currently, our world is going through rapid environmental change. Our environmental resources are depleting at a fast rate. Economic growth is not in line with the protection of ecological resources. Urbanization drastically affected the ecological balance of nature. Sadly, development is the sole reason in this regard. Economic growth accounts for environmental degradation, attributing that we should no longer see economic growth and protection of the environment as two different goals. The main reason for air and water pollution accounts for the disposal of waste material. Human activities in the name of development have severely reduced people's life span, and it has a long-lasting effect on people's health, especially the poor people who are the most vulnerable section of society. These actions have accounted for many natural hazards like melting ice, tsunami, untimely floods, etc. A glacier broke off in Joshimath in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand on February 7, 2021, triggering a massive surge in the Dhauli Ganga River. The disaster in Uttarakhand has once again turned the spotlight on climate change and its impact on ecology.


Policymakers and rulers need to acknowledge that there should be a change in the perspective towards development. It is the only way to figure out the solution between economic growth and environmental sustainability. Economic development should no longer rely on the exploitation of natural resources and environmental pollution. Instead, it should focus on sustainable development. Governments should monitor all financial activities and their implications on the environment. Strict guidelines and huge fines should be levied on countries that heavily depend on non-renewable resources and on releasing high carbon levels. Environment taxes can play a massive role in simultaneously reducing pollution and increasing the country's revenue so that citizens can be held accountable for their actions towards the environment. Also, environmental costs can be included in the production costs, and also, including ecological tax would prevent the companies from violating ecological standards to increase their profits. There is a need to mandate environmental tax and sustainable production globally in this regard. WTO can impose economic sanctions on countries that do not comply the sustainable policies and environmental taxes. Already some major countries like the USA came up with global corporate tax. International environment tax can be likely with some initiations from global powers like India and the USA.


All countries should shift to using renewable resources. Governments should invest in renewable technologies so that renewable energy systems will become mainstream as soon as possible. Wind energy, hydrothermal energy, and solar energy have the efficiency in catering to the electricity needs of the world over hundred times over. There must be extensive research to improve renewable resources and sustainably increase agricultural production, as organic farming must be significant in this context. Recycling items that vastly involve the cutting of trees must be made compulsory. The manufacture of non-biodegradable products must be slowly decreased, and alternative products should be explored. With a good vision and a global program, sustainable development can create massive employment. All governments should create awareness programs on sustainable development and should educate their citizens. Materials causing high pollution to the environment can be banned, or their increase in prices would force the consumers to use them scarcely. Planting trees should also be increased to relinquish the lost natural resources. Some voluntary programs must be designed to improve the soil and land to be suitable for agriculture. All governments must incentivize the business firms to ensure their business and productions are in line with the sustainable goals. On a concluding note, we must acknowledge that we are just tenants of the earth; the responsibility to carefully protect our environment and hand it over to the future generation lies on us. So we must ensure that development and environment protection must be aligned and interlinked with each other.


- By VINJMAURU V S N L R SRIVATSA
Content Writer
Social Journal